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Agarwal R, Kumar V, Kaushal A, Singh RK. Intraoral lipoma: a rare clinical entity. BMJ Case Rep. 2013 Jan 28;2013.

Antonio JR, Goloni-Bertollo EM, Tridico LA. Neurofibromatosis: chronological history and current issues. An Bras Dermatol. 2013 May-Jun;88(3):329-43.

De Oliveira FA, Duarte EC, Taveira CT, Maximo AA, de Aquino EC, Alencar Rde, Vencio EF. Salivary gland tumor: a review of 599 cases in a Brazilian population. Head Neck Pathol. 2009 Dec;3(4):271-5.

Fan S et al. A review of clinical and histological parameters associated with contralateral neck metastases in oral squamous cell carcinoma. Int J Oral Sci. 2011 Oct;3(4):180-91.

Galbiatti AL, Padovani-Junior JA, Maniglia JV, Rodrigues CD, Pavarino EC, Goloni-Bertollo EM. Head and neck cancer: causes, prevention and treatment.

Gondak RO, da Silva-Jorge R, Jorge J, Lopes MA, Vargas PA. Oral pigmented lesions: Clinicopathologic features and review of the literature. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 2012 Nov 1;17(6):e919-24.

Grasso DL, Pelizzo G, Zocconi E, Schleef J. Lymphangiomas of the head and neck in children. Acta Otorhinolaryngol Ital. 2008 Feb; 28(1):17-20.

Hernandez-Martin A, Torrelo A. Images in clinical medicine. Ranula. N Engl J Med. 2012 Dec;367(26):e38.

Jafarzadeh H, Sanatkhani M, Mohtasham N. Oral pyogenic granuloma: a review. J Oral Sci. 2006 Dec;48(4):167-75.

Jaju PP, Suvama PV, Desai Rs. Squamous papilloma: case report and review of literature. Int J Oral Sci. 2010 Dec;2(4):222-5.

Kataoka M, Kido J, Shinohara Y, Nagata T. Drug-induced gingival overgrowth--a review. Biol Pharm Bull. 2005 Oct;28(10):1817-21.

Kumaraswamy KL, Vidhya M. Human papilloma virus and oral infections: un update. J Cancer Res Ther. 2011 Apr-Jun;7(2):120-7.

Kumaraswamy KL, Vidhya M, Rao PK, Mukunda A. Oral biopsy: oral pathologist's perspective. J Cancer Res Ther. 2012 Apr-Jun;8(2):192-8.

Manor E, Sion-Vardy N, Joshua BZ, Bodner L. Oral lipoma: analysis of 58 new cases and review of the literature. Ann Diagn Pathol. 2011 Aug;15(4):257-61.

Senthilkumar B, Nazargi Mahabo M. Mucocele: An unusual presentation of the minor salivary gland lesion. J Pharm Bioallied Sci. 2012 Aug;4(2):180-2.

References to page Tumors / Epulis:
  1. Al Johani K, Moles DR, Hodgson T, Porter SR, Fedele S. Onset and progression of clinical manifestations of orofacial granulomatosis. Oral Dis. 2009 April; 15(3): 214-219.
  2. Alawi F. An Update on Granulomatous Diseases of the Oral Tissues. Dent Clin N Am. 2013 Oct; 57(4): 657-671.
  3. Alawi F. Granulomatous diseases of the oral tissues: differential diagnosis and update. Dent Clin N Am: 2005 Jan; 49(1): 203-221.
  4. Bhat C, Cox DP, Silverman S, Chainani-Wu N. A 57-year-old man with inflamed, enlarged gingivae and associated bone loss. J Am Dent Assoc. 2012 Jan; 143(1): 43-46.
  5. Blank J, Raffauf A, Wölber J, Ratka-Krüger P. Orofaziale Granulomatose. Schweiz Monatsschr Zahnmed. 2014 Oct; 124: 1062-1063.
  6. Chiandussi S, Tappuni AR, Watson TF, White A, Escudier MP, Sanderson JD, et al. Lip impressions: a new method for monitoring morphological changes in oro-facial granulomatosis. Oral Dis. 2007; 13(1): 93-98.
  7. Clayden AM, Bleys CM, Jones SF, Savage NW, Aldred MJ. Orofacial granulo-matosis: A diagnostic problem for the unwary and a management dilemma. Case reports. Aust Dent J. 1997; 42(4): 228-32.
  8. Crighton A. Paediatric gastrointestinal conditions and their oral implications. Int J Paediat Dent. 2013; 23: 338-345.
  9. Esmeili T, Lozada- Nur F, Epstein J. Common benign oral soft tissue masses. Dent Clin N Am. 2005 Jan; 49(1): 223-240.
  10. Fitzpatrick L, Healy CM, McCartan BE, Flint SR, McCreary CE, Rogers S. Patch testing for food- associated allergies in orofacial granulomatosis. J Oral Pathol Med. 2011; 40: 10-13.
  11. Fletcher SM, Chengot P, Dalghous A, Mizen K. A granular-cell odontogenic tu-mour occurring alongside orofacial granulomatosis: a report of the first case. Or. Surg. 2015; 8(1): 42-47.
  12. Fonseca GM, Fonseca RM, Cantin M. Massive fibrous epulis- a case report of a 10- year- old lesion. IJOS. 2014; 6: 182-184.
  13. ?nan M, Yalcin Ö, Pul M. Congenital Fibrous Epulis in the Infant. Yonsei Med J. 2002; 43(5): 675-677.
  14. Jafarzadeh H, Sanatkhani M, Mohtasham N. Oral pyogenic granuloma: a review. J Oral Sci. 2006; 48(4): 167-175.
  15. Jenkins HR, Hill CM. Spontaneous regression of congenital epulis of the new-born. ADC. 1989 Jan; 64(1): 145-147.
  16. Khattala K, Rami M, Elmadi A, Chbani L, Bouabdallah Y. A case report of a huge congenital granular cell epulis operated under local anesthesia. Pan Afr Med J. 2012; 12: 105.
  17. Koch BL, Myer III C, Egelhoff JC. Congenital Epulis. AJNR. 1997 April; 18: 739-741.
  18. Lazzerini M, Bramuzzo M, Ventura A. Association between orofacial granulo-matosis and Crohn's disease in children: Systematic review. World J Gastroen-terol. 2014 June; 20(23): 7497-7504.
  19. Marcoval J, Vinas M, Bordas X, Jucla A, Servitje O. Orofacial granulomatosis: clinical study of 20 patients. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol. 2012 April; 113(4): e12-e17.
  20. Martins MD, Pires F, Daleck F, Myaki SI, Friggi MNP, Martins MAT. Peripheral giant cell granuloma in anterior maxilla: case report in a child. J Clin Pediatr Dent. 2005 Jan; 30(2): 161-164.
  21. McGuire TP, Gomes PP, Freilich MM, Sandor GKB. Congenital Epulis: A Sur-prise in the Neonate. J Can Dent Assoc. 2006 Oct; 72(8): 747-750.
  22. Merigo E, Fornaini C, Manfredi M, Meleti M, Alberici F, Corcione L, et al. Orofacial granulomatosis treated with low-level therapy: a case report. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol. 2012 June; 113(6): e25-e29.
  23. Mignogna MD, Pollio A, Leuci S, Ruoppo E, Fortuna G. Clinical behaviours and long- term therapeutic response in orofacial granulomatosis patients treated with intralesional triamcinolone acetonide injections alone or in combination with top-ical pimecrolismus 1%. J Oral Pathol Med. 2013 Jan; 42(1): 73-81.
  24. Minicucci EM, Vieira RA, Oliveira DT, Marques SA. Oral manifestations of sec-ondary syphilis in the elderly- a timely reminder for dentists. Aust Dent J. 2013; 58: 368-370.
  25. Olson JL, Marcus JR, Zuker RM. Congenital Epulis. J craniofac surg. 2005 Jan; 16(1): 161-164.
  26. O'Neill ID, Scully C. Biologics in oral medicine: oral Crohn's disease and orofa-cial granulomatosis. Oral Dis. 2012 Oct; 18(7): 633-638.
  27. Petersen HJ, Hodgson TA, Porter SR, Smith AM. Defects of the innate immune system in patients with orofacial granulomatosis. Oral surg Oral med Oral pathol Oral radiol. 2014 May; 117(5): e335.
  28. Ritwik P, Brannon RB, Musselman RJ. Spontaneous regression of congenital epulis: a case report and review of the literature. J. Med. Case Rep. 2010 Oct; 4: 331.
  29. Schroeder HE. Pathobiologie oraler Strukturen: Zähne, Pulpa, Parodont. 3rd ed. Basel; Freiburg; Paris; London; New York; New Delhi; Bangkok; Singapore; To-kyo; Sydney: Karger; 1997. Shaw L, Al- Malt A, Carlan SJ, Plumley D, Greenbaum L, Kosko J. Congenital Epulis Three- Dimensional Ultrasonographic Findings and Clinical Implications. J Ultrasound Med. 2004; 23: 1121-1124.
  30. Silva GCC, Vieira TC, Vieira JC, Martins CR, Silva EC. Congenital granular cell tumor (congenital epulis): A lesion of multidisciplinary interest. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 2007 Oct; 12(6): E428-E430.

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Richard Steffen
Dr. med dent. WBA KZM SSO
Oberarzt, Assist. Prof.
Member EAPD
UZB, Universitäres Zentrum für Zahnmedizin
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CH 4058 Basel


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