The palate consists of both the hard and the soft palate. The keratinized masticatory mucosa of the hard palate is firmly attached to the underlying periosteum. The soft palate is located between the two palatal arches including the uvula and involves highly vascularized mucosa which seems notably redder than the mucosa of the hard palate.
The palatine raphe runs in the median plane of the palate and ends in the papilla incisiva (anterior). It marks the point where the two embryonal palatal shelves unit.
Numerous minor salivary glands, the Glandulae palatinae, are located in the submucosal tissue